Ingredient

Aab-e-Angoor

Aab-e-Angoor

Botanical Name: Grapes

Although most variety of grapes are very sweet, its glycemic index is still at a very safe level of 50. In fact, grape juice is an excellent stimulator of your body metabolism in helping to burn excess food and waste. It supplies heat and energy to the body in a short space of time after drinking.

Here are the many more health benefits of grapes or its juice:

Anti-coagulant:  The juice from this tiny fruit can help prevent blood clotting and in the process, help improve blood circulation which would generally improve on overall health.

Anti-inflammation:  The anti-inflammatory agents in grapes greatly help reduce the risks of inflammatory problems like rheumatism, gout and asthma.

Atherosclerosis:  Resveratrol in grapes is a good scrubber of arterial deposits, thus it effectively helps reduce the risk, or even reverse atherosclerosis.

Bladder:  Highly cleansing to the bladder, cleaning out the stones and improving urination, improves bile flow and elimination of waste materials.

Cancer:  The rich and high content of anti-oxidants in cancer are superb for the prevention of cancer.

Constipation:  Grape juice is a mild laxative and helps clear up the bowels. Take about 200 ml twice daily for chronic constipation.

Eyesight/vision:  The flavonol compounds in grape seeds are effective for the treatment of night blindness, retinal disorders and vision improvement.

Fever:  Drink grape juice consistently to reduce fever. It would also help relieve fatigue and provide energy to the body.

Heart disease:  Grapes are beneficial in toning up the heart, reduce heart pains, and can normalize heart palpitations. To enjoy the benefits, go on a grape diet for a few days.

Indigestion:  A gentle and natural home remedy for indigestion.

Mouth and throat infection:  Drink juice of unripe grapes to help clear infections in the mouth and throat.

Migraine:  Certain compounds in grapes make this miracle juice powerfully effective in relieving headaches and migraine.

Kidney:  Grape juice is diuretic and is excellent for cleaning out the kidney and may help remedy kidney stones.

Liver:  The abundance of minerals in grapes stimulate the cleansing activity in liver, helps to detoxify.

Skin:  The highly cleansing properties of grape juice and the high vitamin C content is very beneficial for the skin and helps reduce acne.

Aab-e-Chona

Aab-e-Chona

Botanical Name: Hard water

The World Health Organization says that “there does not appear to be any convincing evidence that water hardness causes adverse health effects in humans”. In fact, the United States National Research Council has found that hard water can actually serve as a dietary supplement for calcium and magnesium.Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with “soft water”). Hard water is formed when water percolates through deposits of calcium and magnesium-containing minerals such as limestone, chalk and dolomite.

Hard drinking water is generally not harmful to one’s health, but can pose serious problems in industrial settings, where water hardness is monitored to avoid costly breakdowns in boilers, cooling towers, and other equipment that handles water. In domestic settings, hard water is often indicated by a lack of suds formation when soap is agitated in water, and by the formation of lime scale in kettles and water heaters. Wherever water hardness is a concern, water softening is commonly used to reduce hard water’s adverse effects.

Botanical Name: Hard water

The World Health Organization says that “there does not appear to be any convincing evidence that water hardness causes adverse health effects in humans”. In fact, the United States National Research Council has found that hard water can actually serve as a dietary supplement for calcium and magnesium.Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with “soft water”). Hard water is formed when water percolates through deposits of calcium and magnesium-containing minerals such as limestone, chalk and dolomite.

Hard drinking water is generally not harmful to one’s health, but can pose serious problems in industrial settings, where water hardness is monitored to avoid costly breakdowns in boilers, cooling towers, and other equipment that handles water. In domestic settings, hard water is often indicated by a lack of suds formation when soap is agitated in water, and by the formation of lime scale in kettles and water heaters. Wherever water hardness is a concern, water softening is commonly used to reduce hard water’s adverse effects.

Botanical Name: Hard water

The World Health Organization says that “there does not appear to be any convincing evidence that water hardness causes adverse health effects in humans”. In fact, the United States National Research Council has found that hard water can actually serve as a dietary supplement for calcium and magnesium.Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with “soft water”). Hard water is formed when water percolates through deposits of calcium and magnesium-containing minerals such as limestone, chalk and dolomite.

Hard drinking water is generally not harmful to one’s health, but can pose serious problems in industrial settings, where water hardness is monitored to avoid costly breakdowns in boilers, cooling towers, and other equipment that handles water. In domestic settings, hard water is often indicated by a lack of suds formation when soap is agitated in water, and by the formation of lime scale in kettles and water heaters. Wherever water hardness is a concern, water softening is commonly used to reduce hard water’s adverse effects.

Aak

Aak

Botanical Name: CALOTROPIS

Calotropis is a plant. People use the bark and root bark for medicine.Despite serious safety concerns, calotropis is used for digestive disorders including diarrhea, constipation and stomach ulcers; for painful conditions including toothache, cramps, and joint pain; and for parasitic infections including elephantiasis and worms. Some people use calotropis for syphilis, boils, inflammation (swelling),epilepsy, hysteria, fever, muscular spasm, warts, leprosy, gout, snakebites.In inhalation therapy, smoke from the bark is inhaled for coughs, asthma, and to cause sweating.Calotropis contains chemicals that might help thin mucous and make it easier to cough up. In studies in animals, calotropis has shown some activity against pain, inflammation, bacteria, fever, and ulcers caused by alcohol and medications such as aspirin, indomethacin and others.

Toothache.

Epilepsy.

Fever.

Snakebites.

Digestive disorders.

Diarrhea.

Cramps.

Boils.

Swelling (inflammation).

Joint pain.

Ulcers.

Abhal

Abhal

Botanical name: Juniperus comunis, Junipers

Some Indigenous peoples, such as the Dineh, have traditionally used juniper to treat diabetes. The 17th Century herbalist physician Nicholas Culpeper recommended the ripened berries for conditions such as asthma and sciatica, as well as to speed childbirth.Juniper is one of the plants used in Scottish and Gaelic Polytheist saining rites, such as those performed at Hogmanay (New Year), where the smoke of burning juniper is used to cleanse, bless and protect the household and its inhabitants.

Juniper berries are steam distilled to produce an essential oil that may vary from colorless to yellow or pale green. Some of its chemical components are alpha pinene, cadinene, camphene and terpineol. Leaves and twigs of Juniperus virginiana are steam distilled to produce oil of juniper.In some species these “berries” are red-brown or orange but in most they are blue; they are often aromatic and can be used as a spice.

Abrak siah

Abrak siah

Botanical Name: Mica

Used to dry the wounds and burns.It is used orally also.Used in asthama, cough, and rhinitis.It is used to treat the sexual diseases also like spematorrhoea, night fall,Leucorrhea, gonorrhea, prostatorrhea.It is also used in medicines for sexual tonics.Due to its blood purifying quality it is also used in syphilis.It is also used in anti pyrexial medicine.

Abresham

Abresham

Botanical Name: Bombyx mori, Silkworm

In traditional Chinese medicine, silkworm is the source of the “stiff silkworm”, which is made from dried fourth- or fifth-instar larvae ). It is believed to dispel flatulence, dissolve phlegm, and relieve spasms.

Afsanteen

Afsanteen

Botanical name: Artemisia absinthium, absinthe wormwood

It is grown as an ornamental plant and is used as an ingredient in the spirit absinthe as well as some other alcoholic drinks.It is an ingredient in the spirit absinthe, and is used for flavouring in some other spirits and wines, including bitters, vermouth and pelinkovac. In the Middle Ages, it was used to spice mead. In 18th century England, wormwood was sometimes used instead of hops in beer.

Its is used to treat the intestinal worms.

It is used to treat the internal inflammations.

It is helpful medicine of GIT tact.

Afteemon akas bail

Afteemon akas bail

Botanical name: Cuscuta

Use in traditional medicine

1. chinensis seeds have long been used for osteoporosis in China and some other Asian countries. C. chinensis is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine which is believed to strengthen the liver and kidneys.
In asia it is used to the fevers of all kind.It has bitter taste.

Agar-oud hindi-gharki

Agar-oud hindi-gharki

Botanical name: Agarwood, Aquilaria malaccensis

Agarwood, also known as oud, oodh or agar, is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees (large evergreens native to southeast Asia) when they become infected with a type of mould. Prior to infection, the heartwood is relatively light and pale coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin in response to the attack, which results in a very dense, dark, resin embedded heartwood. The resin embedded wood is commonly called gaharu, jinko, aloeswood, agarwood, or oud (not to be confused with ‘Bakhoor’) and is valued in many cultures for its distinctive fragrance, and thus is used for incense and perfumes.

One of the main reasons for the relative rarity and high cost of agarwood is the depletion of the wild resource. Since 1995 Aquilaria malaccensis, the primary source, has been listed in Appendix II (potentially threatened species) by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. In 2004 all Aquilaria species were listed in Appendix II; however, a number of countries have outstanding reservations regarding that listing.

Internally for digestive and bronchial complaints, fevers, and rheumatism (bark, wood). Because of its astringent nature, the powdered wood of the aloe tree provide an effective skin tonic and is recommended by Ayurvedic physicians as an application for restoring pigment in leucoderma. Powdered aloeswood provides an antiseptic so gentle it is used for ear and eye infections as well as on open wounds.

Ajwain khurasani

Ajwain khurasani

Botanical name: Hyoscyamus niger, stinking nightshade

it is used to treat kidney and abdominal pain.

It is used to expel the phalegm in asthama and cough.

It clears the uterus from malicious secretions.

It is used as liver tonic.

It is used if the breast milk is decreased.

It treats amenorrhea very well.

Ajwain nan khuwa

Ajwain

Botanical name: Trachyspermum ammi, Ajwain

The fruit pods are rarely eaten raw, they are commonly dry-roasted or fried in ghee, clarified butter. This allows the spice to develop a more subtle and complex aroma. It is considered to be an anti flatulent, a spice which reduces the gaseous effects of beans and other legumes. In Afghanistan the fruit pods are sprinkled over bread and biscuits.

The small fruit pods are pale brown and have an oval shape, resembling caraway and cumin. It has a bitter and pungent taste, with a flavor similar to anise and oregano. They smell almost exactly like thyme because it also contains thymol, but is more aromatic and less subtle in taste, as well as slightly bitter and pungent. Even a small amount of fruit pods tend to dominate the flavor of a dish.

Akhrot

Akhrot

Botanical name: Walnuts

Walnuts are high in protein, vitamins, omega 3 fatty acids, trace minerals, lecithin and oils.An ounce (28g) of (chopped) walnuts contain 183 calories of which 153 calories come from the fats. Walnut contains a large amount of vitamins B6 (0.2mg per ounce of walnut) providing 8 percent of the daily requirement. It also has plenty of folate and thiamin and useful quantity of vitamin E in the form of tocopherol.

Omega 3 and Omega 6 are two essential fatty acids required by our body for cell growth, immune function, blood clotting and disease prevention, but our body cannot make them on their own.Walnut helps prevent heart disease and are the fruit recommended for lowering cholesterol. It is an established fact that coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with high total cholesterol and high LDL cholesterol levels.

Walnuts have potential health benefits in the area of memory and cognitive function as well. Low omega 3 intake has been linked to depression and decline in cognitive functionAlthough not much research has gone into the safety and benefits of consuming walnut during pregnancy, it is believed that walnut may stave off nausea during pregnancy and boost brain development in the child.

Alsi

Alsi

Botanical name: Linum usitatissimum, Linseed

Linum usitatissimum seeds have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally (directly soaked or as tea) and externally (as compresses or oil extracts) for treatment of disorders of the respiratory tract, eyes, infections, cold, flu, fever, rheumatism and gout.Flax is grown for its use as an edible oil, as a nutritional supplement, and as an ingredient in many wood finishing products. Flax is also grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Flax fibers are used to make linen. The Latin species name usitatissimum means most useful.

One hundred grams of ground flax seed supplies about 450 calories, 41 grams of fat, 28 grams of fiber, and 20 grams of protein.Flax seed sprouts are edible, with a slightly spicy flavor. Excessive consumption of flax seeds with inadequate water can cause bowel obstruction. Flaxseed, called (‘Tisi’ or ‘Alsi’) in northern India, has been roasted, powdered and eaten with boiled rice, a little water, and a little salt since ancient times in the villages.

Alu bokhara

Alu bokhara

Botanical name: Prunus domestica,cheery plum

Delicious, fleshy, succulent plums are low in calories (46 calories per 100 g) and contain no saturated fats; however, contain numerous health promoting compounds, minerals and vitamins.Certain health benefiting compounds present in the plum fruits, such as dietary fiber, sorbitol, and isatinare known to help regulate the functioning of the digestive system and thereby relieve constipation conditions.

Total antioxidant strength of plums measured in terms of ORAC (Oxygen radical absorbance capacity) is 6259 µmol TE/100 g. Fresh berries are a moderate source of vitamin C, which is also a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents, counter inflammation and scavenge harmful free radicals.Fresh plums, especially yellow Mirabelle type, are a moderate source of vitamin A and beta carotene. Vitamin A is essential for good eye sight. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural fruits rich in vitamin A has found to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

The fruit is also good in health promoting flavonoid poly phenolic antioxidants such as lutein, cryptoxanthin and zea-xanthin in significant amounts. These compounds help act as scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease processes. Zea-xanthin, an important dietary carotenoid selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea where it is thought to provide antioxidant and protective UV light-filtering functions.Plums are plentiful in minerals like potassium, fluoride and iron. Iron is required for red blood cell formation. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.

In addition, the berries are moderate sources in B-complex groups of vitamins such as niacin, vitamin B-6 and pantothenic acid. These vitamins are acting as cofactors help the body metabolize carbohydrates, proteins and fats. They also provide about 5% RDA levels of vitamin K. Vitamin K is essential for many clotting factors function in the blood as well as in bone metabolism and help reduce Alzheimer’s disease in the elderly.

Alum phatkri

Alum phatkri

Botanical name: Alum

Alum has several household and industrial uses. Potassium alum is used most often, although ammonium alum, ferric alum and soda alum may be used for many of the same purposes. It is used for purification of drinking water as a chemical flocculant in styptic pencil to stop bleeding from minor cuts adjuvant in vaccines (chemical that enhances immune response) deodorant “rock” pickling agent to help keep pickles crisp flame retardant the acidic component of some types of baking powder an ingredient in some homemade and commercial modeling clay an ingredient in some depilatory (hair removal) waxes skin whitener ingredient in some brands of toothpaste.

Amaltas

Amaltas

Botanical name: Cassia fistula , golden shower tree

In Ayurvedic medicine, the golden shower tree is known as aragvadha, meaning “disease killer”. The fruit pulp is considered a purgative, and self-medication or any use without medical supervision is strongly advised against in Ayurvedic texts.Cassia Fistula is very effective in treating constipation. Cassia fistula is very effective in treating ulcers. The herb is very effective in treating piles. The pulp of the tree can be soaked in water for about an hour or so and consumed at bedtime. It also kills the intestinal worms.The roots of the herb have great curative effects against common cold. Some people inhale the smoke of the roots. This cures the mucous that is found along the respiratory tract.The herb is very effective in treating skin disorders like irritation, swelling, etc. The herb is very great in curing fungalinfections of the skin. Some of them are athlete’s foot, ringworm, jock itch, etc.The bark and fruits of the tree have great antioxidant properties and hence boost the immunity system of the body.The bark of the tree and fruits help in purification of the blood.Cassia Fistula is great in treating wounds. The specialty of the herb is that it promotes tissue regeneration. In many countries, the juice extracted from the juice of the leaves or a paste of the leaves is used for dressing the infected skin areas.

Amber

Amber

Botanical name: Ambergris

Ambergris has been prized for centuries for its peculiar qualities. It has been used in the perfume industry as a fixative for fine perfumes, for medicinal purposes and as an aphrodisiac.Some people swear by the sensual effects created by rubbing a piece of ambergris on the skin.Ambergris releases pheromones making it a true aphrodisiac, a property which has lead to the mystery and sensuality surrounding the product.Ambergris has also been used to enhance the flavours of food and wine and for herbal and homeopathic remedies. Freshly produced ambergris has a marine, faecal odour. However, as it ages, it acquires a sweet, earthy scent commonly likened to the fragrance of rubbing alcohol without the vaporous chemical astringency. Although ambergris had been highly valued by perfumers as a fixative (allowing the scent to last much longer), it has largely been replaced by synthetics.

AMLA

AMLA

Botanical name: Phyllanthus emblica, Amla

A compilation of applications for emblica fruits was carried out by several Ayurvedic writers during the last 25 years. The main indications are:

Digestive system disorders: dyspepsia, gastritis, hyperacidity, constipation, colic, colitis, hemorrhoids

Bleeding disorders: bleeding hemorrhoids, hematuria, menorrhagia, bleeding gums, ulcerative colitis

Metabolic disorders: anemia, diabetes, gout

Lung disorders: cough, asthma

Aging disorders: osteoporosis, premature graying of hear, weak vision

Neurasthenia: fatigue, mental disorders, vertigo, palpitations

When the fruit is dried, the main ingredient, water, is mostly eliminated, and the remaining constituents are present in considerably larger proportions.These three fruits together make up the popular remedy “Triphala,” a rejuvenating formula that is frequently applied to treating intestinal disorders (inflammation, infection, diarrhea, constipation).

Anar

Anar
Botanical name: Punica granatum, Pomegranate

The rind of the fruit and the bark of the pomegranate tree is used as a traditional remedy against diarrhea, dysentery and intestinal parasites. The seeds and juice are considered a tonic for the heart and throat, and classified as having bitter-astringent taste plus a range of taste from sweet to sour, depending on ripeneness. Thus Pomegranate is considered a healthful counterbalance to a diet high in sweet-fatty (kapha or earth) components.Especially when sweet, pomegranate fruit is nourishing for (pitta or fire) systems and is known as a blood builder. The astringent qualities of the flower juice, rind and tree bark are considered valuable for a variety of purposes, such as stopping nose bleeds and gum bleeds, toning skin, (after blending with mustard oil) firming-up sagging breasts, and treating hemorrhoids. Pomegranate juice (of specific fruit strains) is also used as an eyedrop, as it is believed to slow the development of cataracts.Ayurveda differentiates between pomegranate varieties and employs them for different remedies.Pomegranate has been used as a contraceptive and abortifacient by means of consuming the seeds, or rind, as well as by using the rind as a vaginal suppository. This practice is recorded in ancient Indian literature, in medieval sources, and in modern folk medicine.Pomegranate extracts (alkaloids) are used to treat intestinal parasite infestations in some nations.A 100 g serving of pomegranate seeds provide 12% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin C and 16% DV for vitamin K and contain polyphenols, such as ellagitannins and flavonoids (section below).Pomegranate seeds are excellent sources of dietary fiber which is entirely contained in the edible seeds. People who choose to discard the seeds forfeit nutritional benefits conveyed by the seed fiber and micronutrients.Juice, seeds and peel apparently contain steroid hormones, including estrone, although this is debated between Korean teams.

Anison

Anison

Botanical name: Pimpinella Anisum, Anise

Anise is an herb. The seed (fruit) and oil, and less frequently the root and leaf, are used to make medicine.
Anise is used for upset stomach, intestinal gas, “runny nose,” and as an expectorant to increase productive cough, as a diuretic to increase urine flow, and as an appetite stimulant. Women use anise to increase milk flow when nursing, start menstruation, treat menstrual discomfort or pain, ease childbirth, and increase sex drive. Men use anise to treat symptoms of “male menopause.” Other uses include treatment of seizures, nicotine dependence, trouble sleeping (insomnia), asthma, and constipation.Some people apply anise directly to the skin to treat lice, scabies, and psoriasis.
In foods, anise is used as a flavoring agent. It has a sweet, aromatic taste that resembles the taste of black licorice. It is commonly used in alcohols and liqueurs, such as anisette and ouzo. Anise is also used in dairy products, gelatins, meats, candies, and breath fresheners.
In manufacturing, anise is often used as a fragrance in soap, creams, perfumes, and sachets.

Anjeer

Anjeer

Botanical name: Ficus carica, Figs

There are 5 grams of fiber in every three-fig serving. That high concentration of fiber helps promote healthy, regular bowel function and prevents constipation. Fiber works to add bulk and mass to bowel movements, so it not only prevents constipation, but also eliminates diarrhea and unhealthy or irregular bowel movements.The fiber in figs also helps to reduce weight and is often recommended for obese people.Dried figs contain phenol, Omega-3 and Omega-6. These fatty acids reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.The presence of fiber helps to stimulate the elimination of free radicals and other cancer causing substances, particularly in the colon, since fiber increases the healthy movement of the bowels.People usually take in sodium in the form of salt, but low potassium and high sodium level may lead to hypertension.The natural chemicals in fig leaves make it an ideal component for a tea base. Fig leaf tea has been popularly prescribed for various respiratory conditions like bronchitis, and it is also used as a way to prevent and lessen the symptoms of asthmatic patients.Figs are rich in calcium, which is one of the most important components in strengthening bones, and reducing the risk of osteoporosis.Vision loss in older people is normally due to macular degeneration. Fruits and figs are particularly good at helping you avoid this very common symptom of aging.The high mucilage content in figs helps to heal and protect sore throats. The soothing nature of figs and their natural juices can relieve pain and stress on the vocal chords.

Aqar Aqrha

Aqar Aqrha

Botanical name: Pyrenthrum indicum, Pyrethrum

People apply pyrethrum directly to the skin as an insecticide, particularly for head lice, crab lice and their nits, and mites (scabies).Root is widely used because of its pungent efficacy in relieving toothache and in promoting a free flow of saliva. The British Pharmacopoeia directs that it be used as a masticatory, and in the form of lozenges for its reflex action on the salivary glands in dryness of the mouth and throat. The tincture made from the dried root may be applied to relieve the aching of a decayed tooth, applied on cotton wool, or rubbed on the gums, and for this purpose may with advantage be mixed with camphorated chloroform. It forms an addition to many dentifrices.A gargle of Pellitory infusion is prescribed for relaxed uvula and for partial paralysis of the tongue and lips. To make a gargle, two or three teaspoonsful of Pellitory should be mixed with a pint of cold water and sweetened with honey if desired. Patients seeking relief from rheumatic or neuralgic affections of the head and face, or for palsy of the tongue, have been advised to chew the root daily for several months.Being a rubefacient and local irritant, when sliced and applied to the skin, it induces heat, tingling and redness.The powdered root forms a good snuff to cure chronic catarrh of the head and nostrils and to clear the brain, by exciting a free flow of nasal mucous and tears.Culpepper tells us that Pellitory ‘is one of the best purges of the brain that grows’ and is not only ‘good for ague and the falling sickness’ (epilepsy) but is ‘an excellent approved remedy in lethargy.’ After stating that ‘the powder of the herb or root snuffed up the nostrils procureth sneezing and easeth the headache,’ he goes on to say that ‘being made into an ointment with hog’s lard it taketh away black and blue spots occasioned by blows or falls, and helpeth both the gout and sciatica,’ uses which are now obsolete.In the thirteenth century we read in old records that Pellitory of Spain was ‘a proved remedy for the toothache’ with the Welsh physicians. It was familiar to the Arabian writers on medicine and is still a favorite remedy in the East, having long been an article of export from Algeria and Spain by way of Egypt to India.In the East Indies the infusion is used as a cordial.

Aqeeq

Aqeeq

Botanical name: Agate

calcined cornelian turned into infusible and assimilable powder ash form is included in preparations administerded to procure refrigerant, cardiac tonic , nervine, aphordisiac effects. it is prescribed in weak eye sight and palpitation, and to arrest haemorrhages in the internal organs particularly useful against menorrahgia and haemoptysis indusyunic medicine.Traditional medicine of herbal, animal and mineral origin in Pakistan. Written by khan usaman ghani.

Arrnii

Arrnii

Botanical name: Agnimantha

Anti-Coagulant: It maintains fluidity of blood and does not let it to thicken or coagulate.The leaves or leaves extract of Agnimantha or Premna contains an Isoxazole alkaloid called Premnazole which is very effective in countering inflammations, particularly those in digestive and circulatory systems.The alkaloids present in Premna or Agnimantha reduce Uric Acid level in blood, thereby giving relief in rheumatism and arthritis, uric acid upsurge being their major cause.The root bark extract has powerful astringent properties and is good for tonic muscles, strengthening gums, toning skin etc.The Iridoid Glycosides & Alkaloids present in extract of leaves and roots of Premna (Agnimantha) are effective cardiac stimulant and cardiac tonic.Gas or flatulence can be very disturbing and sickening sometimes & the relief is there in the leaf extract of Premna or Agnimantha.The alkaloids and flavonoids present in Premna (Agnimantha) aid digestion.

Asaroon

Asaroon

Botanical name: Valeriana hardwickii, Valeriana officinalis, Indian Valerian

Indian Valerian is a well-known and frequently used medicinal herb that has a long and proven history of efficacy. It is noted especially for its effect as a tranquilliser and nervine, particularly for those people suffering from nervous overstrain. Valerian has been shown to encourage sleep, improve sleep quality and reduce blood pressure.

Asgand

Asgand

Botanical name: Withania somnifera, winter cherry

It enhances the immune system of the body, regulates processes such as blood pressure and also balances body and mind. Thus, it enhances everything in general and you become more resistent against illnesses and you can fight them better.Nowadays, many experiments are being conducted.Experiments have shown that it is able to protect your brain cells (flavonoids are known to protect brain cells.Also, experiments have confirmed that it is very effective against stress. It works like a sedative. This is the reason, why it is recommended to take it in the evening.Ashwagandha also has anti-aging properties. Extracts of it are sometimes used in anti-aging products. The chemicals destroy free radicals that are responsible for cell aging and body damaging. So, the body stays young longer.People have reported that it increased their concentration, reduced fatigue and made them sleep better than usual after taking Ashwagandha regularly.Ashwagandha is able to decrease cortisol. Cortisol is released in stressy situations and too much of it can be very dangerous to humans. It strengthens the immune system and is known to increase sexual energy. In Ayurvedic medicine, it is sometimes used as an aphrodisiac. It also works well against erectyle dysfunctions and in tantra, it is used to extend the erection.It is also suggested that it has anti-cancer properties. Right now, there are several experiments being conducted who try to prove this assumption. It has already been proven that it is effective as a supplement against cancer.

Ashoka

Ashoka

Botanical name: Saraca indica, ashoka tree

Description:

Seed powder of Ashoka with water helps to check kidney stone.Decoction of bark of Ashoka tree is useful in amenorrhoea, leucorrhoea and other gynaecological disorders. Use of Ashoka bark tones the musckes of uterus.When there is pain due to scanty menstruation, use of Ashoka’s bark gives good result.Overdose of Ashoka bark acts as abortifacient. I.e it aborts the foetus.Milk boiled with decoction of bark of Ashoka tree is useful in excessive bleeding in females.Use of Ashoka’s bark gives beneficial results when there is enlargement of lymph nodes. Use of Ashoka’s bark is indicated in excessive thirst, burning sensation, worm infestation. When a person has used poisons its use gives good results. Ashoka tree has the potential of curing the body’s emaciation and disorders of blood.

Azkhar Makki

Azkhar Makki

Botanical name: Cymbopogon martini,Cymbopogon jwarancusa,Lemongrass

Lemongrass is native to India and tropical Asia. It is widely used as a herb in Asian cuisine. It has a subtle citrus flavor and can be dried and powdered, or used fresh. It is commonly used in teas, soups, and curries. It is also suitable for use with poultry, fish, beef, and seafood. It is often used as a tea in African countries.Lemongrass oil is used as a pesticide and a preservative. Research shows that lemongrass oil has antifungal properties.Despite its ability to repel insects, its oil is commonly used as a “lure” to attract honey bees. “Lemongrass works conveniently as well as the pheromone created by the honeybee’s Nasonov gland, also known as attractant pheromones. Because of this, lemongrass oil can be used as a lure when trapping swarms or attempting to draw the attention of hived bees.”Lemon grass oil, used as a pesticide and preservative, is put on the ancient palm-leaf manuscripts found in India as a preservative. It is used at the Oriental Research Institute Mysore.It has medicinal properties and is used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine. It is supposed to help with relieving cough and nasal congestion.

Azraqi

Azraqi

Botanical name: Strychnos nux-vomica, poison nut

The properties of Nux Vomica are those of the alkaloid strychnine.In the Indian (Ayush) system of medicine, “hudar” is a mixture containing Strychnos nux-vomica and used to elevate blood pressure.The seeds are first immersed in water for five days, in milk for two days followed by their boiling in milk. Then it is used orally in medicine.Externally in case of ointments it is rubrificient, and used to treat the male sexual organ diseases. And works very fine for insufficiency of libido.In India, the quality/toxicity of traditional medical crude and processed Strychnos seeds can be controlled by examining the toxic .Strychnos nux-vomica is also used in homeopathy.This seed is best nervine tonic.It rises blood pressure and helps to keep away weakness.

Baansa

Baansa

Botanical name: Malabar Nut, Justicia adhatoda

Several alkaloids are present in the leaves. The most important is vasicine, a quinazoline alkaloid. The vasicine yield of the herbage has been measured as 0.541 to 1.1% by dry weight.This shrub has a number of traditional medicinal uses in Siddha Medicine, Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine.Vasicine, the active compound, has been compared to theophylline . Another, vasicinone, showed bronchodilatory activity .Both the alkaloids in combination (1:1) showed pronounced bronchodilatory activity.Both alkaloids are also respiratory stimulants. Vasicine has a cardiac–depressent effect, while vasicinone is a weak cardiac stimulant; the effect can be normalized by combining the alkaloids.Vasicine is reported to have a uterine stimulant effect.Vasicinone was shown to have an antianaphylactic action.

Babchi psoralia

Babchi psoralia

Botanical name: Psoralea corylifolia (Babchi), Psoralea corylifolia

It is used to treat itching red papules, itching eruptions, extensive eczema with thickened dermis, ringworm, rough and discolored dermatosis, dermatosis with fissures, and scabies.It has shown to improve the color of skin, hair, and nails.Seeds are given in scorpion-sting and snake bite. Seeds are useful in bilious disorders.P. corylifolia extracts have found to possess antitumor, antihyperglycemic, antidepressant, and antioxidant activities.Its water extract possesses antibacterial property.Seed and extract powder are used as diuretic, anthelminthic, laxative, and for healing wounds.Seeds are used as stomachic, stimulant, aphrodisiac,and diaphoretic.It is used in the treatment of various kinds of disorders, such as asthma, cough, nephritis, and others. The major components psoralen and isopsoralen have antitumor, antibacterial, and antiviral properties.It is a good hair tonic and hence used in alopecia areata and hair loss.It is an effective invigorant against impotence, menstruation disorder, and uterine hemorrhage.It is a cure for gynecologic bleeding.It is also useful to treat spermatorrhea and premature ejaculation. It shows coronary vasodilatory activity.The seeds act as deobstruent and heal ulcer, heart troubles, and cure blood disorders and elephantitis.The crude drug has been used for the treatment of enuresis, pollakiuria, painful feeling of cold in the waist and knees, and weak kidney. It is used in the treatment of debility and other problems related to kidney inefficiency, such as febrile disorders, low back pains, frequent urination, incontinence, and bed wetting.The root is useful in treating the caries of the teeth. P. corylifolia is used to promote bone calcification, making it useful for treating osteoporosis and bone fractures. Leaves are used to alleviate diarrhea. Fruit is bitter, helps to prevent vomiting, cures difficulty in micturition, used in treating piles, bronchitis, and anemias and improves complexion. P. corylifolia contains bavachinin, corylifolinin, and psoralen all of which inhibit the multiplication of osteosarcoma and lung cancer cells. They are also useful in fibrosarcoma, malignant ascites, and leukemia. It has hepatoprotective properties.corylifolia is used in lumbago and tuberculosis. Essential oil is used as tonic and aphrodisiac. Seeds are sweet, bitter, acrid, and astringent. They impart vigor and vitality; improve digestive power and receptive power of mind. Seeds are antipyretic and alexiteric. P. corylifolia is a well-known nervine tonic in vata diseases. It is used in the treatment of intestinal amebiasis. The herb is cytotoxic, antimutagenic, and antirepellant.

Badam

Badam

Botanical Name: Almond, Prunus dulcis

The almond is often eaten on its own, raw or toasted, it is also a component of various dishes. Almonds are available in many forms, such as whole, sliced (flaked, slivered), and as flour. Almonds yield almond oil and can also be made into almond butter or almond milk. These products can be used in both sweet and savoury dishes.Along with other nuts, almonds can be sprinkled over breakfasts and desserts, particularly muesli or ice cream-based dishes. Almonds are used in marzipan, nougat, many pastries (including jesuites), cookies (including French macarons, macaroons), and cakes (including financiers), noghl, and other sweets and desserts. They are also used to make almond butter, a spread similar to peanut butter, popular with peanut allergy sufferers and for its naturally sweeter taste. The young, developing fruit of the almond tree can be eaten whole (“green almonds”) when they are still green and fleshy on the outside and the inner shell has not yet hardened. The fruit is somewhat sour, but is a popular snack in parts of the Middle East, eaten dipped in salt to balance the sour taste. Also in the Middle East they are often eaten with dates. They are available only from mid-April to mid-June in the Northern Hemisphere; pickling or brining extends the fruit’s shelf life.

Badranj boya

Badranj boya

Botanical name: Oleander, Nerium oleander

Heart problems.Asthma.Menstrual pain.As a poison.Skin problems, when applied to the skin..Warts, when applied to the skin..Helping with muscle cramps.Natural support for asthma, epilepsy and paralysis.Help for skin conditions such as eczema.Powerful all natural organic insecticide.Usefulness in aiding heart conditions.Natural support for healthy blood sugar levels.Possible support for the HIV virus.Usefulness in increasing healing times for wounds, when crushed and applied topically.Powerful immune-system stimulator.Promoting normal menstrual cycles.Aiding the body in the fight against arthritis, psoriasis & hepatitis C.

Baheera

Baheera

Botanical name: Terminalia bellirica, bastard myrobalan

Terminalia bellerica and Terminalia chebula are both used for high cholesterol anddigestive disorders, including both diarrhea and constipation, and indigestion. They have also been used for HIV infection.Terminalia bellerica is used to protect the liver and to treat respiratory conditions, including respiratory tract infections, cough, and sore throat.Terminalia chebula is used for dysentery.Terminalia bellerica and Terminalia chebula are used as a lotion for sore eyes.Terminalia chebula is also used topically as a mouthwash and gargle.Intravaginally, Terminalia chebula is used as a douche for treating vaginal infections.In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Terminalia bellerica has been used as a “health-harmonizer” in combination with Terminalia chebula and Emblica officinalis. This combination is also used to lower cholesterol and to prevent death of heart tissue.Treating chest pain (angina) after a heart attack, when used with conventional medications.Treating congestive heart failure (CHF), when used with conventional medications.Large-scale, long-term trials are needed to clarify any role terminalia might have in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Bahi dana

Bahi dana

Botanical name: Cydonia oblonga, quince fruit

Being rich in dietary fiber, quince is good for those people who are trying to lose weight and maintain a healthy body.Quince boasts of antioxidant properties, which helps the body fight against free radicals and reduces the risk of cancer.Researches have revealed that quinces might be rich in various anti-viral properties.Consumption of quince has been found to be beneficial for people suffering from gastric ulcer.Quince juice is known to have tonic, antiseptic, analeptic, astringent and diuretic properties.It is believed that eating quince is good for maintaining the optimum health of an individual.Regular consumption of quince not only aids in digestion, but also helps lower cholesterol.The presence of potassium in quince helps the body keep high blood pressure in check.The vitamin C present in quince helps reduce the risk of heart disease in individuals.If consumed on a regular basis, quince proves beneficial for those afflicted with tuberculosis, hepatic insufficiency, diarrhea and dysentery.Those suffering from liver diseases and eye diseases would surely benefit from regular quince consumption.Being rich in antioxidants, quince is believed to be helpful in relieving stress and attaining calm.Quince is low in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium, while having lots of vitamin C, dietary fiber and copper.Quince juice is good for those suffering from anemia, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory illnesses, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and even asthma.The juice as well as pulp of boiled or baked quince fruit serves as a good anti-emetic remedy.

Bal charr

Bal charr

Botanical name: Indian Valerian,Valeriana officinalis

Indian Valerian is a well-known and frequently used medicinal herb that has a long and proven history of efficacy. It is noted especially for its effect as a tranquilliser and nervine, particularly for those people suffering from nervous overstrain. Valerian has been shown to encourage sleep, improve sleep quality and reduce blood pressure.

Balangoo marzanjosh niaz bo

Balangoo marzanjosh niaz bo

Botanical name: Ocimum basilicum, Basil

The tulsi plant has many medicinal properties. The leaves are a nerve tonic and also sharpen memory. They promote the removal of the catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tube. The leaves strengthen the stomach and induce copious perspiration. The seed of the plant are mucilaginous.The leaves of basil are specific for many fevers. During the rainy season, when malaria and dengue fever are widely prevalent, tender leaves, boiled with tea, act as preventive against theses diseases. In case of acute fevers, a decoction of the leaves boiled with powdered cardamom in half a liter of water and mixed with sugar and milk brings down the temperature. The juice of tulsi leaves can be used to bring down fever. Extract of tulsi leaves in fresh water should be given every 2 to 3 hours. In between one can keep giving sips of cold water. In children, it is every effective in bringing down the temperature.It is an important constituent of many Ayurvedic cough syrups and expectorants. It helps to mobilize mucus in bronchitis and asthma. Chewing tulsi leaves relieves cold and flu.Water boiled with basil leaves can be taken as drink in case of sore throat. This water can also be used as a gargle.The herb is useful in the treatment of respiratory system disorder. A decoction of the leaves, with honey and ginger is an effective remedy for bronchitis, asthma, influenza, cough and cold. A decoction of the leaves, cloves and common salt also gives immediate relief in case of influenza. They should be boiled in half a liter of water till only half the water is left and add then taken.Common pediatric problems like cough cold, fever, diarrhea and vomiting respond favorably to the juice of basil leaves. If pustules of chicken pox delay their appearance, basil leaves taken with saffron will hasten them.Basil leaves are regarded as an ‘adaptogen’ or anti-stress agent. Recent studies have shown that the leaves afford significant protection against stress. Even healthy persons can chew 12 leaves of basil, twice a day, to prevent stress. It purifies blood and helps prevent several common elements.

Banafsha

Banafsha

Botanical name: Viola odorata, garden violet

The sweet scent of this flower has proved popular throughout the generations particularly in the late Victorian period, and has consequently been used in the production of many cosmetic fragrances and perfumes. The French are also known for their violet syrup, most commonly made from an extract of violets. In the United States, this French violet syrup is used to make violet scones and marshmallows. The scent of violet flowers is distinctive with only a few other flowers having a remotely similar odour. References to violets and the desirable nature of the fragrance go back to classical sources such as Pliny and Horace when the name ‘Ion’ was in use to describe this flower from which the name of the distinctive chemical constituents of the flower, the ionones – is derived. In 1923 Poucher writes that the flowers are widely cultivated both in Europe and the East for their fragrance, with both the flowers and leaves being separately collected and extracted for fragrance, and flowers also collected for use in confectionary and the production of a galenical syrup. and people also make medecine from it.The violet leaf absolute however remains widely used in modern perfumery.The leaves are edible and contain a deal of soothing mucilage.It has the soothing effects for cough.It clears the lungs from the phelgam .It is ferbrifuge for persons who work in hot weather.

Bao barang

Bao barang

Botanical name: Embelia ribes, False Black Pepper

It is Appetiser and Mild laxative.

Carminative: Either prevents formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract or facilitates the expulsion of gas

Anthelmintic: Useful against tapeworms, but not other parasites.

Alexiteric: It is believed to be useful in snake bite (resists poison), but it is not sufficient antidote to the venom.It is a common practice to put a few berries of the plant in the milk that is given to young children as it is believed to prevent flatulence.Sushruta describes the fruit as anthelmintic, alterative and tonic, and recommends their use along with liquorice root, for the purpose of strengthening the body and preventing the effects of age.Vidhang fruit extract has cestocidal activity and has activity against Ascaridia galli in infected fowl (Gallus domesticus).

Bao khanbah

Bao khanbah

Botanical name: Careya arborea,Wild Guava

An astringent gum exudes from the fruit and stem, and the bark is made into coarse cordage. The Tamil name Puta-tanni-maram signifies ”water- bark-tree,” in allusion to the exudation trickling down the bark in dry weather. Bark surface flaking in thin strips, fissured, dark grey; crown spreading. Leaves arranged spirally, often clustered at the apices of twigs, simple, broadly obovate, tapering at base, margin toothed, stipules small, caducous. Flowers in an erect raceme at the end of branches.The bark of the tree and the sepals of the flowers are well-known Indian remedies, and are valued on account of their astringent and mucilaginous properties, being administered internally in coughs and colds and applied externally as an embrocation.

Baqain

Baqain

Botanical name: Persian Lilac/Bead tree, Persian Lilac

Bark and fruit extract is used to kill parasitic roundworms. In Manipur, leaves and flowers are used as poultice in nervous headache. Leaves, bark and fruit are insect repellant. Seed-oil is used in rheumatism. Wood-extract is used in asthma. The root, bark, leaves of Persian lilac is used to headache, skin diseases, wounds and internal bleeding due to viper bite.

Baranjasif

Baranjasif

Botanical name: common yarrow, Achillea millefolium

Yarrow is an herb. The above ground parts are used to make medicine.Yarrow is used for fever, common cold, hay fever, absence of menstruation, dysentery, diarrhea, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal (GI) tract discomfort, and to induce sweating.Some people chew the fresh leaves to relieve toothache.Yarrow is applied to the skin to stop bleeding from hemorrhoids; for wounds; and as a sitz bath for painful, lower pelvic, cramp-like conditions in women.In combination with other herbs, yarrow is used for bloating, intestinal gas (flatulence), mild gastrointestinal (GI) cramping, and other GI complaints.In foods, the young leaves and flowers of yarrow are used in salads.In manufacturing, yarrow is also used as a cosmetic cleanser and in snuff. Yarrow oil is used in shampoos.Yarrow contains many chemicals that might affect blood pressure and possibly have anti-inflammatory effects.Fever.Common cold.Hay fever.Diarrhea.Stomach discomfort.Bloating.Gas.Toothache.Other conditions.

Bayd Mushk

Bayd Mushk

Botanical name: Salix caprea, great sallow

Goat Willow has a very long history of use. It had been mentioned in ancient Egyptian and Sumerian texts, usually as a remedy against fevers and aches. It was also mentioned by Hippocrates, ancient Greek physician, as a powerful medicinal herb. Its active substance, salicin, is responsible for the plant’s medicinal properties. When taken internally, salicin converts to salicylic acid (the precursor of aspirin). Therefore, Goat Willow is an effective remedy for fevers, headaches, digestive disturbances and rheumatic pains. When used externally, it can be very helpful as a disinfectant and astringent in treatments of cuts and sores. Salicin, an active compound found in goat willow, acts like aspirin when consumed. Used externally, the herb is a powerful astringent and disinfectant. It is used to treat minor cuts and sores.

Bayr Bahooti Aroosak

Bayr Bahooti Aroosak

Botanical name: Red velvet mite

It is hot and dry in temperament.

It is used in male sexual disorders.

It is used as paste to apply in penis or as an oil to massage on penis.

Some time it is used orally as well.

In some cases of chicken pox it used when the whole episode is gone to elevate the scared area where chicken pox was produced.

Bayza Murgh -Roghan-Zardi

Bayza Murgh -Roghan-Zardir

Egg yolk & oil

Cosmetics

Egg yolk has been used in traditional cosmetics since the eleventh century in Jewish, Greek, Arab and Latin cultures. Several popular modern cosmetic brands contain egg oil.

Skin care

Egg oil can be used as an excipient/carrier in a variety of cosmetic preparations such as creams, ointments, sun-screen products or lotions where it acts as an emollient, moisturizer, anti-oxidant, penetration enhancer, occlusive skin conditioner and anti-bacterial agent.For treatment of scabies in Spain, oil of egg yolk was used along with oil of castor and roses in ancient Andalusia.

Wounds

Egg oil was traditionally used in treating wounds and injuries.In the 16th century, Ambroise Paré used a solution of egg yolk, oil of roses, and turpentine for war wounds, an old method that the Romans had discovered 1000 years before him. He published his first book ‘The method of curing wounds caused by arquebus and firearms’ in 1545.

Egg oil is a potential source of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid for infant nutrition or combined with fish oil for infant formula production. It is also a source of vitamin D.Egg yolks are rich sources of both iron and DHA and have a soft texture that is suitable for this age group. Scientists are also studying the benefits of egg yolks that are fortified with extra fatty acids (enriched egg yolks.) However, many parents may be concerned about the cholesterol content of egg yolks.

Beej Bund

Beej Bund

Botanical name: Sida cordifolia, country mallow

cordifolia is used in Ayurvedic medicine . It is used in neurological ailments,especially in Stroke rehabilitation. Known as “malva branca”, it is a plant used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation of the oral mucosa, blenorrhea, asthmatic bronchitis and nasal congestion, stomatitis, of asthma and nasal congestion and in many parts of Africa for various ailments, particularly for respiratory problems.It has been investigated as an anti-inflammatory, for preventing cell proliferation, and for encouraging liver re-growth. Due to its ephedrine content, it possesses psychostimulant properties, affecting the central nervous system and also the heart.A 50% ethanolic extract of Sida cordifolia tested on rats showed potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity comparable with the standard drug deprenyl.The plant has demonstrated anti-pyretic and anti-ulcerogenic properties.The aqueous extract of Sida cordifolia stimulates liver regeneration in rats.

Behman Sufaid

Behman Sufaid

Botanical name: Centaurea behen, centaury

dried powder pf behen root when taken with milk strengthen the memory.Flour made of the root is also considered nutritive, aphrodisiac andfattening.Regarded as useful resolvent of excess phlegmatic humours, used in calculous affections and jaundice.It also act as a semenagogue.When taken with milk or some other suitable vehicle relieves sexual debility.

Behman Surkh

Behman Surkh

Botanical name: Centaurea behen, Bloody Sage

The dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, for example, has been used extensively for the treatment of coronary and cerebrovascular disease, sleep disorders, hepatitis, hepatocirrhosis, chronic renal failure, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, carbuncles and ulcers.These include sedative and hypnotic, hallucinogenic, skeletal muscle relaxant, analgesic, memory enhancing, anticonvulsant, neuroprotective and antiparkinsonian activity, as well as the inhibition of ethanol and morphine withdrawal syndrome.

Berg e Sadab

Berg e Sadab

Botanical name: Ruta graveolens, garden rue

Warm and dry in the third degree.It sharpens the eyesight and dissipates flatulence.It augments the sperm and dampens the desire for coitus.Neutralization of the Dangers: With foods that multiply the sperm.Common rue is said to promote the onset of menstruation and of uterine contractions;[citation needed] for this reason the refined oil of rue was cited by the Roman historian Pliny the Elder and the gynecologist Soranus as a potent abortifacient (inducing abortion). Rue contains pilocarpine which is used in horses to induce abortion.It is also used in Brazil as the key ingredient in homemade herbal cough syrup, when mashed with caramelized sugar and honey.The bitter leaf can be added to eggs, cheese, fish, or mixed with damson plums and wine to produce a meat sauce.It was used extensively in ancient Middle Eastern and Roman cuisine (according to Apicius. Rue leaves and berries are an important part of the cuisine of Ethiopia. Rue is used as a traditional flavouring in Greece and other Mediterranean countries.

Bhalan Waan

Bhalan Waan

Botanical name: Semecarpus anacardium,marking nut

Various parts of these plants are commonly used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of various ailments, mainly alimentary tract and certain dermatological conditions. Reports have shown noticeable impact on illnesses related to the heart, blood pressure respiration, and neurological disorders.

Birhami Booti

Birhami Booti
Botanical name: Centella asiatica, Indian pennywort

Centella asiatica is used in India to treat disorders of the skin, nervous system and blood. In Ayurvedic medicine it has wide application in the treatment of mental illness. Additionally, it possessed anti-depressant activity which appeared to be mediated through the D2 receptor and cholinomimetic activity which was blocked by atropine and chlorpromazine.although centella is promoted for its health benefits, “available scientific evidence does not support claims of its effectiveness for treating cancer or any other disease in humans”. However some research has shown a possible health benefit in the form of reduction of the progression of subclinical arterial lesions in low-risk asymptomatic subjects

Vitamins A, B, C and D, volatile oil, calcium, chromium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, selenium, silica, zinc.it is considered to be an adaptogen, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, anxiolytic, diuretic, digestive, nervine, and vulnerary. it is excellent in treatment of varicose veins. It can help reduce swelling, repair connective tissues and improve circulation. It increases keratinisation, and appears to be very helpful in wound healing, treatment of bruises, sores and ulcers. It is one of the most valuable herbs in Ayurvedic medicine, because it revitalizes nerve and brain cells, increases memory and concentration, and has an overall rejuvenating effect on our body. It enhances metabolic processes, and is often referred to as an “elixir of life”.

Bisfaij

Bisfaij

Botanical name: Polypodium vulgare ,common polypody,

Polypody has traditional uses in cooking for its aroma and sweet taste, and in herbal medicine as a purgative and vermifuge.The rhizome has a bittersweet taste. It has traditionally been used in some confectionery such as nougat for its aromatic properties. In 1971, a saponin, osladin was found in the roots and believed to be the compound responsible for the sweet taste as it elicits a relative sweetness 500 times sweeter than sugar (by weight).The dried rhizome is used in herbal medicine as a purgative and vermifuge; these properties are due to the phytoecdysteroids in the rhizome.

Bohar

Bohar

Botanical name: Banyan Tree ,Ficus bangalensis

The banyan tree is easily identified by its aerial roots and leathery broad leaves. The banyan tree is also known by other names such as the Nyagrodhah, Bargad, Peral, Vata, Vatagach and in India it is also referred to as the ‘wish fulfilling’ tree. The various useful parts of the banyan tree include its leaf buds, bark, latex as well as the fruits.The latex of banyan tree is used in nocturnal pollution, as well as in premature ejaculation in required doses with suitable ingredients in appropriate preparations.The soft buds and stilt roots powder is effective in sexual debility and where semen is required to be made viscous.The health benefits and the therapeutic uses of the banyan tree include its effectiveness in curing dysentery and chronic diarrhea. In this treatment, the leaf buds of the banyan tree are soaked in water overnight and then consumed the next morning. In fact the medicinal benefits of the banyan tree are also found in its latex which is also used to treat dysentery and diarrhea.

Treatment for piles is yet another one of the medicinal uses of the banyan tree wherein a few drops of the latex of the banyan tree should be mixed with some milk and consumed daily as part of a natural treatment for bleeding piles. Along with this home remedy, while treating piles, the individual should also follow a diet that is abundant in green vegetables such as black nightshade leaves and fenugreek.Health benefits of the banyan tree also result in the treatment of female sterility. In this treatment the roots of the banyan tree should be dried and then ground to a fine powder which should then be mixed with five times the quantity of milk and consumed for three nights consecutively after every menstruation cycle till the woman conceives.

The banyan tree is also known to be effective in treating leucorrhoea which is achieved by regularly douching the genital tract with a mixture of the bark of the fig tree and the banyan tree.The health benefits of the banyan tree also extend to teeth disorders. It has been observed that cleaning the teeth using the aerial roots of the banyan tree is known to help in preventing various teeth disorders. The astringent properties of the roots of the banyan tree tends to cleanse as well as strengthen the gums and the teeth.The latex obtained from the bark of the banyan tree is also known to be used locally as a natural treatment for lumbago and rheumatic pain. The latex is also used locally to treat skin disorders such as ulcers, bruises and sores.

Similarly the milk juice that is obtained from the banyan tree bark is also used as a natural remedy to get rid of skin moles. For best results it is advisable to apply this milk juice to the moles at least thrice a day.Tender roots of the banyan tree are considered beneficial in the treatment of female sterility. These roots should be dried in the shade and finely powdered. This powder should be mixed 5 times its weight, with milk, and taken at night for 3 consecutive nights after menstruation cycle every month till the conception takes place. No other food should be taken with this.The latex of banyan tree is used in nocturnal pollution, as well as in premature ejaculation in required doses with suitable ingredients in appropriate preparations.The soft buds and stilt roots powder is effective in sexual debility and where semen is required to be made viscous.

Bone Marrow

Bone Marrow

Beef bone marrow is a traditional ingredient in certain cuisines, such as Vietnamese or French. Beef bone marrow is the fatty and gelatinous matter inside large beef bones. The marrow becomes soft when roasted, and you can spread it on toast, use it in sauces or use it as a garnish. Beef bone marrow is high in certain nutrients, but it is also high in fat, so regular consumption can be dangerous for your health.

Calories

A 1/2-ounce serving of beef bone marrow contains 125.59 calories. Because beef bone marrow is so rich and high in fat, a serving is smaller than a serving of other common protein items such as steak or fish. Bone marrow is rarely eaten on its own. Instead it is commonly served as a spread with toast or as a garnish to other dishes such as roast fish. This means that when you eat one serving of beef bone marrow, you usually also are eating other foods as part of the dish, and you need to account for those calories as well.

Protein

A 1/2-ounce serving of beef bone marrow contains 0.04 grams of protein, which does not equal even 1 percent of the daily protein requirement for a 2,000-calorie-per-day diet. This is a negligible amount of protein as your body requires between 50 to 175 grams of protein daily, according to the Mayo Clinic website. Protein helps boost your immune function as well as your energy levels and helps to maintain and develop lean muscle mass.

Nutrients

A 1/2-ounce serving of beef bone marrow contains negligible amounts of nutrients. This serving size of beef bone marrow contains 6.31 milligrams of calcium, which is around 1 percent of your daily requirement. You need calcium for strong bones and teeth. It also works with potassium, magnesium and sodium to help maintain healthy blood pressure levels.

Fats

A serving of beef bone marrow contains 6.79 grams of unsaturated fat, which is 10 percent of your daily requirement on a 2,000-calorie diet. It contains zero grams of trans or saturated fats. Unsaturated fats may help in reducing overall cholesterol levels. However, you should limit your total fat consumption to between 20 percent and 35 percent of your daily calorie intake.

Boo Phali

Boo Phali

Botanical name: Corchorus fascicularis, Corchorus

While perhaps better known as a fiber crop, jute is also a medicinal “vegetable”, eaten from Tanganyika to Egypt. Dried leaves were given me by an Egyptian friend who had brought them with him to this country. They are used in soups under the Arabic name “Molukhyia.” In India the leaves and tender shoots are eaten. The dried material is there known as “nalita.” Injections of olitoriside markedly improve cardiac insufficiencies and have no cumulative attributes; hence, it can serve as a substitute for strophanthin.

Reported to be demulcent, deobstruent, diuretic, lactagogue, purgative, and tonic, tussah jute is a folk remedy for aches and pains, dysentery, enteritis, fever, dysentery, pectoral pains, and tumors . Ayurvedics use the leaves for ascites, pain, piles, and tumors. Elsewhere the leaves are used for cystitis, dysuria, fever, and gonorrhea. The cold infusion is said to restore the appetite and strength.

Bora Armani

Bora Armani

Botanical name: Bora Armani

It is an expectorant. It relieves form the gases.It removes the black bile from the body and works as a blood purifier.It removes the phlegm by the digestive system.It is useful in asthama, phlegmatic cough.Being blood purifier it gives the rubrifrigent effect on skin , so its applied on the penis with the jasmine oil.

Book- makhzan ul mufridaat

Written by hakeem kabeer ud deen and hakeem M. anwar khan lodhi

Bozedaan

Bozedaan

Botanical name: Sweet Pellitory

Pellitory root can be consumed in various ways in the of powder and decoction. It can be added to many herbal medicines to get relief from health problems. Medicinal uses of pellitory root is given below

Headache: Applying the pellitory root paste on the forehead during headache cures the pain and gives relief.Tooth

Ache: The powdered root can be added to the tooth powder for better tooth care and relief from tooth ache.Relief from Bad Breath: Pellitory root’s decoction can be used for gargling for freedom from bad breath.

Throat Problems: Gargling with the root’s decoction helps keep the throat problems away. It helps keep the throat clean, clear and free from infections.

Hiccoughs: In case of uncontrollable hiccoughs, taking the pellitory root powder along with honey gives best and instant results.Relief in Breathing Problems: Inhaling the pellitory root’s fine powder gives relief from lungs problems and the breathing problems.

Chronic Cough: Drinking 100 ml of root’s decoction every morning and evening cures chronic cough too.Pellitory root, flowers and even leaves are medicinal and can be consumed for curing many health problems. Consuming a pinch of pellitory flowers every 2-3 hours help in easing the breath for the asthma patients.

Chambaili

Chambaili

Botanical name: Jasminum Grandiflorum, Jasmine Flower

Health Benefits May Help:
• Relieve Stress
• Moisturize Skin
• Improve Sleeping Habits
• Improve Blood Circulation
• Remove Body Toxins
• Enhance Immune System
• Lower & Prevent High Blood Pressure
• Lower & Prevent Cholesterol
• Regulate Kidney Functions
• Enhance Eyesight
• Maintain Health in the Uterus
• Reduce Menopausal Symptoms
• Suppress Cancerous Cell Growth
• Improve Metabolism
• Reduce Body Fats
• Provide Antioxidants.

Charaita

Charaita

Botanical name: Swertia chirata, Swertia

The ethanolic extract of S.chirayita exhibits hypoglycemic activity. Chirayatra is an effective drug for reducing fevers. It is specially beneficial in the treatment of malarial fevers. It is also effective in hysteria and convulsion. The herb is an excellent drug for strengthening the stomach and promoting its action. It is used in the treatment of dyspepsia and diarrhoea. Chirayata possesses anthelmintic that is, worms destroying, properties and is used in killing intestinal worms. An infusion of the herb is taken for this purpose. It serves as an effective tonic in case of general weakness and during convalescence. The infusion of the plant can be taken in doses of 60ml or40 tablespoons twice a day, before meals. The herb is used in the from of an infusion or tincture.The infusion is prepared in the hot water with aromatics likes cloves and cinnamon. It is generally taken in doses of 15 to 30 ml or 1 to 2 tablespoon. The root of the plant is useful in checking hiccups and vomitting. It is taken in doses of 0.5 to 2 grams with honey.

The chirayata herb is remarkable for its properties in the removal of all kinds of intestinal worms. An infusion of the herb is prepared and taken regularly during parasitic infestations. The Swertia chiretta is a therapeutic plant and its remedial usage has been recognized in the Indian pharmaceutical codex as well as the British and American Pharmacopoeias. In addition, the curative value of the herb has also been recorded by the ancient Indian herbal medicine system Ayurveda and other conventional medical systems. The herb as well as its extracts is used as a bitter stimulant to treat fever as well as curing several skin problems.It is much employed in urinary complaints with uneasiness in the region of the kidneys, frequent urging to urinate, which is accomplished with difficulty, and in cases of uric aciddeposits. It is a remedy also for convalescence from exhausting sickness, and for atonic and nervous forms of dyspepsia.

Basically, Swertia chiretta is a Ayurvedic therapeutic plant. An astringent stimulantprepared with the plant is an outstanding medication for weak stomach, particularly when itresults in indigestion, bloating and nausea. In addition, this bitter tonic is also said to be effectivein protecting the liver. Chirayata is a valuable bitter tonic. It is laxative and an appetizer. It also corrects the disordered process of nutrition and restores the normal function of the system. It is an effective herb for reducing fevers. It isespecially beneficial in the treatment of malarial fevers. It is also effective in hysteria andconvulsions. It also show hypoglycemic activity.

Charayla

Charayla

Botanical name: Stone flower , Parmelea palata

Stone flower is also known as lichen because it grows in the form of lichens on the tree. Stone plant is small shrub that normally grows on the rocks and sometimes looks like a combination of algae and fungus. The upper layer of leaves is green-black and whitish from inside. They also grow on trees gaining nutrition from rain running down the tree. There are various species of lichens found variable shapes like tubular, upright, branching, and flat and leaf like.

Lichens are used as fodder in Indian states and also have various culinary uses.

It is thought to be a good pain reliever and used as a remedy to heal wounds.

It also cures various skin disorders. It acts as anti-fungal, anti-biotic, expectorant, astringent and anti-viral.

Chilghoza

Chilghoza

Botanical name: Chilgoza pine, Pinus gerardiana

Chilgoza Pine is well known for its edible pine nuts, rich in carbohydrates and proteins. The seeds are locally called and marketed as “Chilgoza”, “Neja” (singular) or “Neje” (plural). Nearly 20 percent of the Pakistani forests consist of Chilgoza trees. Chilgoza is one of the most important cash crops of tribal people residing in the Kinnaurdistrict of Himachal Pradesh, India.It can be rightly established that in Afghanistan, it is found only in Kunnar, besides few other places in the world including Kabul. The seed is very expensive and fetches good money to the local people in Kinnaur.

Chiriya- sparrow

Chiriya- sparrow
Botanical name: Sparrow

The brain and meat of sparrow is used for ancient times in unani medicine.It is called Kanjashak in Persian and Leham ul asfoor in Arabic.Its color is brown. And it is tasteless in eating.It is hot and dry in second order.It energize the man’s sexual power.Makes the human body healthy and keep the temperament natural.It is counted as best food for human.It gives strength to stomach.In unani medicine it is used to treat different types of paralysis, like paralysis of muscles especially the paralysis of penis. It strengthens the liver. It is used to treat diseases like ‘kanoor’ and jalandar.Reference Makhzan ul mufridaat almaroof khuwaas ul adviya. Written by Allama Hakim kabir ud deen and hakeem M. anwar khan lodhi. Recently reiewed by hakeem sayed safi ud deen.

Chob Chini

Chob Chini

Botanical name: Smilax China, china root

Two species, s. domingensis & s. havanensis, are used in a traditional soda-like Cuban beverage called pru.The roots may also be used in soups or stews.The young shoots can be eaten raw or cooked and are said to taste like asparagus, and the berries can be eaten both raw and cooked.It is also a key ingredient in the Chinese medical dessert which makes use of its property to set certain kinds of jelly.The powdered roots of Jamaican Sarsaparilla are known as Rad. Sarzae. Jam. in pharmacy and are used medicinally as a cure for gout in Latin American countries.

Smilax preparations, for example of S. china, are also commonly used in herbalism to treat certain skin diseases which are caused or aggravated by hormonal imbalance, such as psoriasis and seborrhoeic dermatitis.Diosgenin, another steroidal sapogenin, is reported from S. menispermoidea. Other active compounds reported from various greenbrier species are parillin sarsapic acid, sarsapogenin and sarsaponin.Due to the nectar-rich flowers, species like S. medica and S. officinalis are also useful honey plants.The common floral decoration smilax is Asparagus asparagoides. For example, in the stage version of Harvey, the opening scene describes the home as being “festooned with smilax”.

Coconut

Coconut

Botanical name: coconucifera, Coconut oil

Coconut oil is commonly used in cooking, especially for frying, and is a common flavor in many South Asian curries. It has been used for cooking (in tropical parts of the world) for thousands of years. In recent years, virgin coconut oil (VCO) has become increasingly popular in health and natural food circles and with vegans. It was described in a New York Times article as having a “haunting, nutty,” flavor that has a touch of sweetness, which works well in baked goods, pastries, and sautés. Coconut oil is used by movie theatre chains to pop popcorn, adding a large amount of saturated fat in the process.Coconut oil (along with laurel leaf oil and palm kernel oil) contains a large proportion of lauric acid, which is converted to monolaurin in the body, a fat otherwise found only in breast milk. Lauric acid is destroyed by some oil processing methods.

Other culinary uses include replacing solid fats produced through hydrogenation in baked and confectionery goods.Hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated coconut oil is often used in non-dairy creamers and snack foods, including popcorn. Hydrogenated coconut oil is sold in Australia under the brand-name Copha and is the main ingredient in Australian snacks such as Chocolate crackles and White Christmas.

The Philippines, Vanuatu, Samoa, and several other tropical island countries are using coconut oil as an alternative fuel source to run automobiles, trucks, and buses, and to power generators. Coconut oil is currently used as a fuel for transport in the Philippines. Further research into the potential of coconut oil as a fuel for electricity generation is being carried out in the islands of the Pacific, although to date it appears that it is not useful as a fuel source due to the cost of labour and supply constraints.

Coconut oil has been tested for use as an engine lubricant and as a transformer oil.Coconut oil can be used as a skin moisturizer, helping with dry skin and reduces protein loss when used in hair. Coconut oil can also be used as sexual lubricant, although it can damage latex condoms.soap made with coconut oil tends to be hard, although it retains more water than those made with other oils and therefore increases manufacturer yields. It is more soluble in hard watert than other soaps allowing it to lather more easily. A basic coconut oil soap is clear when melted and a bright white when hardened.

Daronaj Aqrabi

Daronaj Aqrabi

Botanical name: Aconitum variegatum, leopard’s bane

The roots of Aconitum ferox supply the Nepalese poison called bikh, bish, or nabee. It contains large quantities of the alkaloid pseudaconitine, which is a deadly poison. Aconitum palmatum yields another of the bikh poisons. The root of Aconitum luridum, of the Himalaya, is said to be as poisonous as that of A. ferox or A. napellus.Several species of Aconitum have been used as arrow poisons. The Minaro in Ladakh use A. napellus on their arrows to hunt ibex, while the Ainu in Japan used a species of Aconitum to hunt bear. The Chinese also used Aconitum poisons both for huntingand for warfare.Aconitum poisons were used by the Aleuts of Alaska’s Aleutian Islands for hunting whales. Usually, one man in a kayak armed with a poison-tipped lance would hunt the whale, paralyzing it with the poison and causing it to drown.

Desi Ghee

Desi Ghee

Botanical name: Desi ghee

Ayurveda General Principles of Management and Treatment that if one teaspoon or less is eaten per meal, ghee can actually help to increase HDL, the good cholesterol. Some additional reasons to use ghee when preparing your food are:

Digestion (helps absorb and assimilate nutrients)
• Improves memory
• Helps increase flexibility by lubricating the connective tissues
• Carries the medicinal properties of herbs into tissues .
• Stimulates the liver to produce fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K

Dhamasa

Dhamasa

Botanical name: Fagonia cretica

It is the best blood purifier and decomposes blood clots to save from brain hemorrhage and heart problems.Prevents and treats Cancers.It’s flowers and leaves can treats all types of Thalasemia.Can be used for cooling effect.Treats all types of Hepatitis.Strengthens liver and prevents/cures liver cancer.Improves heart and mental ability.Helpful in treatment of body pains.Cures allergies.Heals pimples and other dermatology problems.Strengthens stomach.It alleviates symptoms like vomiting, thirst and burning sensation, etc.It increases the physical strength and weight of the week and under weight people.Helpful in controlling weight for bulky persons.Cures mouth & gum disorders.Normalizes blood pressure disorders.Treats asthma & breathing difficulty.Helps recovering from smoking side-effects.Hot infusion of Fagonia is given to prevent small pox.It increases urination and hence overhauls the kidneys and urination system.It is applied over neck stiffness.Being spermatogenic, improves sperm count in semen and helps normalizing the male and female reproductive systems.

Dhoodi Booti

Dhoodi Booti

Botanical name: Euphorbia hirta , Euphorbia hirta

Euphorbia hirta has been shown to kill various types of pathogenic bacteria, Plasmodium (potently).Euphorbia hirta has been claimed to have a curative effects on dengue patients, based on personal testimonies, particularly in the Philippines. Despite its widespread use, there is no evidence to support this claim. Mixed messages have been presented by representatives of the Philippine government. The Department of Health (DOH) says Euphorbia hirta is not enough for critical dengue patients, and urges oral rehydration therapy. Others, like former Health Secretary Jaime Galvez Tan, is actively promoting the herbal medication. Given the diversity of how dengue can present (with or without hemorrhage, various serotypes of the virus, etc.), efficacy of this herb may vary.

Doodh Gao

Doodh Gao

Botanical Name: Cow Milk ,Bos taurus

Sweet in taste (Swadu paka), heavy to digest, has coolant effect on the body (and mind).improves Ojas – Ojas is considered as the factor responsible for the immunity of the body. (Ojovardhaka)Nourishes the body tissues (Dhatu vardhaka)Acts as natural aphrodisiac.Does rejuvenation, increases life expectancy.Improves intelligence, strengthIncreases breast milk in the feeding mother.Assists in easy movement (peristalsis) of intestines.Relieves tiredness, dizziness, excessive thirst and hunger.Useful in diseases like severe debility, relieving stage of fever, diseases related to urinary system, bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding,heavy menstrual bleeding etc,Cow milk for newborn – Cow milk is the next best thing to breast milk for the newborn.Effect of cow milk on Tridosha.Cow milk calms Vata and Pitta. Increases Kapha.

Various uses of cow milk in Ayurveda –

Milk with herbs: When we wish to use certain herbs with pungent and hot properties in children, or in person with less strength, those herbs are processed with cow milk. This serves three purposes
The herbal remedy gets the extra nutritional quality of milk
The pungency and the strength of the herb is lowered. Thus the herbal formula is made suitable for patient with less strength.
Milk acts as a fat and water soluble media for the active principles in the herb.

Elaiche elychi kalaan

Elaiche elychi kalaan

Botanical name: Amomum subulatum, Black cardamom

Black cardamom is often erroneously described as an inferior substitute for green cardamom by those unfamiliar with the spice; actually, it is just not as well suited for the sweet/hot dishes which typically include cardamom, and that are more commonly prepared outside the plant’s native range. Black cardamom, by contrast, is better for hearty meat stews and similar dishes. Although the flavor differs from the smaller green cardamom, black cardamom is sometimes used by large-scale commercial bakers because of its low cost.In China, the pods are used for jin-jin braised meat dishes, particularly in the cuisine of the central-western province of Sichuan.The largest producer of the black cardamom is Nepal, followed by India and Bhutan. In traditional Chinese medicine, black cardamom is used for stomach disorders and malaria.

Elychi khurd

Elychi khurd
Botanical name: Cardamom, Cardamom

Both forms of cardamom are used as flavorings and cooking spices in both food and drink, and as a medicine. E. cardamomum (green cardamom) is used as a spice, a masticatory, and in medicine; it is also smoked, sometimesCardamom has a strong, unique taste, with an intensely aromatic, resinous fragrance. Black cardamom has a distinctly more smokey, though not bitter, aroma, with a coolness some consider similar to mint.Green cardamom is one of the most expensive spices by weight,but little is needed to impart flavor. It is best stored in pod form because once the seeds are exposed or ground, they quickly lose their flavor. When Cardamom is stored in an airtight (preferably a vacuum) container at temperatures below the freezing point of water, it can retain its flavor for many years. However, high-quality ground cardamom seed is often more readily (and cheaply) available and is an acceptable substitute. Grinding the pods and seeds together lowers both the quality and the price. For recipes requiring whole cardamom pods, a generally accepted equivalent is 10 pods equals 1½ teaspoons of ground cardamom.

It is a common ingredient in Indian cooking and is often used in baking in the Nordic countries, in particular in Sweden and Finland, where it is used in traditional treats such as Finnish sweet bread pulla and in the Scandinavian Christmas bread Julekake. In the Middle East, green cardamom powder is used as a spice for sweet dishes, as well as traditional flavouring in coffee and tea. Cardamom is used to some extent in savoury dishes. In some Middle Eastern countries, coffee and cardamom are often ground in a wooden mortar, a mihbaj, and cooked together in a skillet, a mehmas, over wood or gas, to produce mixtures as much as 40% cardamom.

In South Asia, green cardamom is often used in traditional Indian sweets and in masala chai (spiced tea). Black cardamom is sometimes used in garam masala for curries. It is occasionally used as a garnish in basmati rice and other dishes. It is often referred to as fat cardamom due to its size. Individual seeds are sometimes chewed and used in much the same way as chewing gum. It is even used by confectionery giant Wrigley; its Eclipse Breeze Exotic Mint packaging indicates it contains “cardamom to neutralize the toughest breath odors”. It has been known to be used in making gin and herbal teas.

Ferozah

Ferozah

Botanical name: Turquoise

Has the ability to repair the body emotionally and spiritually, as well as, physically by those who practice crystal healing. If you are prone to panic, it will calm the nerves and help you avoid succumbing to panic attacks. Furthermore, it combats depression.When you pursue crystal healing, using the turquoise stone may be extremely beneficial. It is known to purify the polluted air around you, as well as your lungs. Turquoise also has highly positive impacts on your immune system and emotional state of being. If you suffer from exhaustion, it is able to help you combat that and revitalize you. Turquoise can also fight depression and stop panic attacks. If you want the full benefits of turquoise, keep it with you as often as possible or hold it over the places that you need healed the most so that it will be able to work its wonders.

Fil fil siah- kaali mirch

Fil fil siah- kaali mirch

Botanical name: Piper nigrum, Black pepper

Like many eastern spices, pepper was historically both a seasoning and a medicine. Long pepper, being stronger, was often the preferred medication, but both were used. Black Pepper (or perhaps long pepper) was believed to cure illness such as constipation, diarrhea,earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, hoarseness, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver problems, lung disease, oral abscesses, sunburn, tooth decay, and toothaches. Various sources from the 5th century onward also recommend pepper to treat eye problems, often by applying salves or poultices made with pepper directly to the eye. There is no current medical evidence that any of these treatments has any benefit; pepper applied directly to the eye would be quite uncomfortable and possibly damaging. Nevertheless, Black pepper, either powdered or its decoction, is widely used in traditional Indian medicine and as a home remedy for relief from sore throat, throat congestion, cough etc.

Pepper is known to cause sneezing.Pepper contains small amounts of safrole, a mildly carcinogenic compound. Also, it is eliminated from the diet of patients having abdominal surgery and ulcers because of its irritating effect upon the intestines, being replaced by what is referred to as a bland diet. However, extracts from black pepper have been found to have antioxidant properties and anti-carcinogenic effects, especially when compared to chili.

Piperine present in black pepper acts as a thermogenic compound. Piperine enhances the thermogenesis of lipid and accelerates energy metabolism in the body and also increases the serotonin and beta-endorphin production in the brain. Piperine and other components from black pepper may also be helpful in treating vitiligo, although when combined with UV radiation should be staggered due to the effect of light on the compound.

Filfil daraz peepal kalan

Filfil daraz peepal kalan

Botanical name: Piper longum, Long Pepper

Pippli Powder provides relief from cough and throat infection.It is also beneficial in nausea and congestion.Pippli Powder improves lungs health and also helps in detoxifying lungs and kidney.Pippli Powder enhances digestion, assimilation and metabolism of food.It is also used in the chronic dysentery.Pippli Powder has a strong urge to suppress any kind of infection due to its pungent taste. It prevents erosion of gastric membrane by stimulating mucin secretion and reducing shedding of the cells present on the stomach lining.Pippli Powder is a powerful Rasayana (rejuvenator) herb serving as longevity enhancer.It soothes the nerves and improves sleep quality at night.It provides better blood circulation and enhances immune system.Pippli Powder cleans shrotas (channels) which transport nutrients and helps to remove waste from the body.

Findaq

Findaq

Botanical name: Corylus avellana, Hazelnuts

Hazel nuts are an excellent source of vitamin E; contain about 15 g per 100 g (providing 100% of RDA). Hazelnuts are very high in energy and loaded with numerous health-benefiting nutrients that are essential for optimum health. 100 g nuts provide 628 calories. The nuts are rich in mono-unsaturated fatty acids like oleic as well as essential fatty acid, linoleic acid that helps lower LDL or bad cholesterol and increase HDL or good cholesterol.

Research studies suggest that Mediterranean diet that is plentiful in monounsaturated fatty acids help to prevent coronary artery disease and strokes by favoring healthy blood lipid profile.These nuts are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals and packed with numerous health promoting phyto-chemicals. Altogether, they help protect from diseases and cancers.Hazels are exceptionally rich in folate, which is a unique feature for the nuts. 100 g fresh nuts contain 113 µg; that is about 28% recommended daily intake of this vitamin. Folate is an important vitamin that helps prevent megaloblastic anemia and most importantly, neural tube defects in the newborn. Good news for expectant mothers!Vitamin E is a powerful lipid soluble antioxidant, required for maintaining the integrity of cell membrane of mucus membranes and skin by protecting it from harmful oxygen-free radicals.The nuts, like almonds, are free from gluten and therefore, are safe alternative food sources that can be used in the preparation of gluten-free food formulas for gluten-sensitive, wheat allergy, and celiac disease patients.

Gajar gazar

Gajar gazar

Botanical name: Daucus carota, The carrot

Carrots can be eaten in a variety of ways. Only 3% of the ?-carotene in raw carrots is released during digestion: this can be improved to 39% by pulping, cooking and adding cooking oil. Alternatively they may be chopped and boiled, fried or steamed, and cooked in soups and stews, as well as baby and pet foods. A well-known dish is carrots julienne.Together with onion and celery, carrots are one of the primary vegetables used in a mirepoix to make various broths.

The greens are edible as a leaf vegetable, but are only occasionally eaten by humans; some sources suggest that the greens contain toxic alkaloids. When used for this purpose, they are harvested young in high-density plantings, before significant root development, and typically used stir-fried, or in salads. Some people are allergic to carrots.It have been peeled and cut into uniform cylinders have been a popular ready-to-eat snack food available in many supermarkets. Carrots are puréed and used as baby food, dehydrated to make chips, flakes, and powder, and thinly sliced and deep-fried, like potato chips.The sweetness of carrots allows the vegetable to be used in some fruit-like roles. Grated carrots are used in carrot cakes, as well as carrot puddings, an old English dish thought to have originated in the early 19th century. Carrots can also be used alone or with fruits in jam and preserves. Carrot juice is also widely marketed, especially as a health drink, either stand-alone or blended with fruits and other vegetables.

Gandana

Gandana

Botanical name: Allium ampeloprasum, Leek

The leek is a vegetable that belongs, along with onion and garlic, to the genus Allium.The edible part of the leek plant is a bundle of leaf sheaths that is sometimes erroneously called a stem or stalk.Leek has about the same properties as garlic, but to a lesser degree. It also stimulates appetite and helps to relieve congestion in the respiratory passages. Leek makes a good, non-irritating diuretic. The crushed leaves can be used externally to ease the sting of insect bites. Leeks are good for keeping blood vessels elastic and preventing premature aging. Eating plenty of the Allium varieties, such as chives, garlic, leeks, etc. will result in intestinal worms being eliminated.

Gandhak

Gandhak

Botanical name: Sulfur

Sulfur has elements that can eliminate acne, so it is included in their treatments. Medications for dandruff, pityriasis versicolor rosacea and warts have this ingredient. Seborrheic dermatitis and scabies can be treated with this element. Sulfur is effective because of its keratolytic, antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. Combining alcohol and sulfur can be used to treat acne and other skin disorders.Solutions with sulfur can be used to accelerate the healing of wounds. As far back as ancient Greece it was used to cure wounds. Sulfur can be used to treat hemorrhoids, arthritis, hypothyroidism and homeopathy.

Gao Danti

Gao Danti

Botanical name: Godanti Bhasma, Godanti Bhasma

It is used in the treatment of leucorrhoea, Fever due to Pitta imbalance, Chronic fever, cough, cold, asthma, anemia, chest injury, emaciation and wasting in children. It improves strength and immunity.

Gao Zaban

Gao Zaban
Botanical name: Borago officinalis, Borage

Traditionally Borago officinalis is used in hyperactive gastrointestinal, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders, such as gastrointestinal (colic, cramps, diarrhea), airways (asthma, bronchitis), cardiovascular, (cardiotonic, antihypertensive and blood purifier), urinary (diuretic and kidney/bladder disorders).In Iran people make a tea for relieve colds, flu, bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and kidney inflammation. It is said to be warm in nature and alleviates symptoms that are caused by using food that is cold in nature such as cucumber and fish. People with heart problems can benefit using the borage tea,since it promotes reaching more oxygen to the heart, that’s why one should use this herb in moderate amounts.Naturopathic practitioners use borage for regulation of metabolism and the hormonal system, and consider it to be a good remedy for PMS and menopause symptoms such as the hot flash. The flowers can be prepared in infusion.

Gao Zan Qarn ul Eil Stag Horn

Gao Zan Qarn ul Eil Stag Horn
Botanical name: Stag horn

The first documented evidence of the use of velvet deer antler as a medicine was found on a silk scroll recovered from a Han tomb in the Human Province in China. The scroll is believed to be about 2,000 years old and recommends medical treatments and prescriptions for 52 different diseases using deer antler.

It is used in herbal system of medicine for:

Growth Hormone Factors.
Accelerated Wound Healing.
Improving Recovery Time.
Modulating The Immune System.
Oriental Medicine.
To control the fevers of all type.

Gayroo

Gayroo
Botanical name: Red ochre

Deficient yin of the liver and kidneys and hyperactivity of liver yang manifested as distension Red ochre and pain in the head and eyes, dizziness and vertigo.Red ochre is used with Dragon’s bone , Oyster shell , White peony root

Rebellious stomach qi manifested as vomiting and belching. Red ochre is used with Inula flower , Fresh ginger and Pinellia tuber.
Asthma due to deficiency of the lung and kidneys. Red ochre is used with Ginseng and Dogwood fruit .
Extravasation of blood by heat manifested as vomiting with blood and epistaxis.
Chronic uterine bleeding manifested as dizziness and blurred vision due to deficient blood.
To pacify the liver and subdue the yang;

To conduct rebellious qi downward and stop vomiting;
To stop bleeding

Ghaghar Bayl

Ghaghar Bayl
Botanical name: Luffa echinata, Luffa echinata

Bristly luffa (Luffa echinata), a member of the cucurbitaceae family is an Ayurvedic medicinal plant, which has been used in the traditional system of medicine for variety of symptoms. The active constituents like cucurbitacin, saponin, echinatin, ?-Sitosterol, oleanolic acid and flavonoids have important pathophysiological effects on human body. However, there is no earlier published report of any toxicity on humans. We report a case of a 50-year-old gentleman, who presented with gastrointestinal bleeding, deranged liver function and shock following consumption of dried fruits of Luffa echinata soaked overnight in water. He had antral gastritis and duodenal erosions on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and was managed conservatively and recovered completely.

Gilo

Gilo
Botanical name: Tinospora Cordifolia, Guduchi

Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi) is a widely used shrub in folk and ayurvedic systems of medicine.

The notable medicinal properties reported are anti-diabetic

anti-periodic
anti-spasmodic,
anti-inflammatory
anti-arthritic
anti-oxidant,
anti-allergic
anti-stress
anti-leprotic
anti-malarial
Hepatoprotective
immunomodulatory
anti-neoplastic activities.

Glucose

Glucose
Botanical name: Glucose syrup

Its major uses in commercially prepared foods are as a thickener, sweetener, and humectant (an ingredient that retains moisture and thus maintains a food’s freshness). Glucose syrup is also widely used in the manufacture of a variety of candy products.In the United States, cane sugar quotas raise the price of sugar; hence, domestically produced corn syrup and high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) are less expensive alternatives that are often used in American-made processed and mass-produced foods, candies, soft drinks and fruit drinks to help control cost.Glucose syrup was the primary corn sweetener in the United States prior to the expanded use of HFCS production. HFCS is a variant in which other enzymes are used to convert some of the glucose into fructose. The resulting syrup is sweeter and more soluble. Corn syrup is also available as a retail product.Glucose syrup is often used as part of the mixture that goes into creating fake blood for films and television. Blood mixtures that contain glucose syrup are very popular among independent films and film makers, as it is cheap and easy to obtain.

Gond kateera

Gond kateera
Botanical name: Cochlospermum religiosum, Buttercup tree

Counterirritant, anodyne, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, external rubefacient,epispastic Fresh leaves historically used as external rubefacient in rheumatism, gout, arthritis, neuralgia (topically or externally applied). American Indians poulticed root for eczema, warts, boils or abscesses. Action based on irritating affected part.It is directly applied to warts.A tincture may be both externally applied or taken internally to treat shingles and sciatica.

Gond kundar

Gond kundar
Botanical name: Boswellia serrata, Indian Olibanum

Extracts of Indian Olibanum have been clinically studied for osteoarthritis and joint function, particularly for osteoarthritis of the knee. A Boswellia extract marketed under the name Wokvel has undergone human efficacy, comparative, pharmacokinetic studies. Indian Olibanum is used in the manufacture of the supposed anti-wrinkle agent “Boswelox”, which has been criticised as being ineffective.

Gugal Muqil

Gugal Muqil
Botanical name: Commiphora wightii, gum Guggul

Guggul produces a resinous sap known as gum guggul. The extract of this gum, called gugulipid, guggulipid or guglipid, has been used in UNANI & Ayurvedic medicine, a traditional UNANI medicine, for nearly 3,000 years in India.Some of the uses in the traditional medicinehave been for reducing obesity, as well as in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and sciatica.The active ingredient in the extract is the steroid guggulsterone, which acts as an antagonist of the farnesoid X receptor, once believed to result in decreased cholesterol synthesis in the liver.

Gul e Baboona

Gul e Baboona
Botanical name: Matricaria chemomilla, Chamomile

Major chemical compounds present within chamomile include apigenin and alpha-bisabolol. Other compounds in chamomile include: sesquiterpenes, terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins such as herniarin and umbelliferone, phenylpropanoids such as chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid, flavones such as apigenin and luteolin, flavanols such as quercetin and rutin, and polyacetylenes.Apigenin has demonstrated chemopreventive effects against cancer cells in the laboratory, while alpha-bisabolol has been shown to have antiseptic properties, anti-inflammatory properties, and reduces pepsin secretion without altering secretion of stomach acid.Chemical compounds present within chamomile bind to GABAreceptors, modulate monoamine neurotransmission, and have neuroendocrine effects. Umbelliferone is fungistatic. Coumarin compounds in chamomile such as herniarin and umbelliferone may have blood-thinning properties, and apigenin and other compounds may interact with medications causing drug-drug interactions.Chamomile has been used for inflammation associated with hemorrhoids when topically applied. There is Level B evidence that chamomile possesses anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties and could be used to treat stress and insomnia. The results suggest chamomile may have modest anxiolytic activity in patients with mild to moderate GAD, although the results have not since been replicated. Chemical components of chamomile extract have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycemic, antigenotoxic, and anticancer properties.

Gul e Dhawa

Gul e Dhawa
Botanical name: floribunda rose, Floribundas

It is use full in:

Diarrhea
Dymenorrhoea
Haemorrhoids
Leucorrhoea
In anal prolapse the decoction is used to sit in it.Due to its cold nature with oil it is massage on the burns to give cooling effects.

Gul e Ghafis

Gul e Ghafis
Botanical name: Delphinium zalil

It is good tonic for the stomach
It is used for the hepatitis treatment
Good for liver obstructions.
It is used to treat ascites.
It is blood purifier.
It creats the perspiration.
In cases of elephantitis orally, and its paste is also applied on the effected area.
It is also used to treat the diseases of spleen.

Gul e Surkh

Gul e Surkh
Botanical name: Rosa damascena, Rose

Rose petals are used in making rose oil that is steam distilled by crushing. The byproduct of steam distillation is rose water, which is an excellent relaxing agent, soothes the nerves and adds flavor to a variety of dishes across the world. Rose essence is rich in flavanoids, tannins, antioxidants, and vitamins A, B3, C, D and E, making it beneficial in skin care. Some of the uses of rose oil, water, and essence are as follows.Rose water is an effective astringent that reduces swelling of capillaries beneath the skin.Rose petal tea is efficient in cleansing the gall bladder and liver, and it helps improve bile secretion. Rose petals are dried and crushed to make tea.Rose tea also helps in alleviating mild sore throats and bronchial infections. The tea cools the body and reduces fever-related rashes.Rose petals are an important ingredient in eye washes as well, as it is antiseptic in nature.Rose water benefits include nourishing the scalp and improving hair growth. It is medicinally used as an antibacterial, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory product. It is also used to treat dry scaly skin, dermatitis, and eczema.Rose essential oil is used along with carrier oils such as almond or grape fruit to treat various illnesses like hemorrhage, liver problems, nausea, fatigue, ulcers, asthma, dehydration, and bacterial infections of the stomach, colon, and urinary tract.Rose leaves are used in preparing rose water from the Persian variety. Rose water prepared from rose leaves brings relief from constipation, clears blood, and soothes the mind. In addition, it is used on the treatment of measles and chicken pox.There are no known side effects related to the use of rose water or rose oil; nevertheless, it is best to consult when using any product as a means of treatment.

Gul Mundi

Gul Mundi

Botanical name: Sphaeranthus indicus, globe thistle

According to Ayurveda, this herb is hot, laxative, digestible, tonic, fattening, alterative, anthelmintic and alexipharmic. It is used in

insanity
tuberculosis
indigestion
bronchitis
spleen diseases
elephantiasis
anaemia
pain in uterus and vagina
piles
asthma
leucoderma
dysentery
vomiting
hemicrania

Gul Neelo Far

Gul Neelo Far
Botanical name: Nelumbo nucifera, Indian lotus

Lotus is helpful in controlling the burning sensation, due to its cold potency.
The plant helps in improving the skin texture and complexion.
It improves mental condition and regularizes the peristaltic movements.
It treats urine related problems and maintains the body’s normal temperature.
The leaf paste is applied to the body in case of fever and inflammatory skin conditions.
The young leaves of lotus are taken with sugar to treat rectal prolapse.
The leaves are also used in treating sunstroke, diarrhea, dysentery, dizziness and vomiting of blood.
The stamens are mixed with jaggery and ghee to treat hemorrhoids.
The leaves and flowers are useful in many bleeding disorders.
Lotus flowers are prescribed to promote conception.
The flower stalk, mixed with other herbs, is used to treat bleeding from the uterus.
The petals alleviate thirst and inflammations while the seeds are powdered and mixed with honey to treat cough.
Lotus, when taken with ghee, milk and gold, is considered a general tonic to promote strength, virility and intellect.
Its flowers, seeds, young leaves and roots (rhizomes) are widely used in cuisines across the globe.
Lotus petals are used for garnishing and the leaves are used for wrapping food.
The distinctive lotus seed heads that resemble the spouts of watering cans are sold throughout the world for decorative purposes and dried flower arranging.
Lotus rootlets are used in pickles, along with rice vinegar, sugar, chili and/ or garlic.
The stamens are dried and made into a fragrant herbal tea.

Haldi

Haldi
Botanical name:Curcuma longa,Turmeric

Turmeric is a plant. You probably know turmeric as the main spice in curry. It has a warm, bitter taste and is frequently used to flavor or color curry powders, mustards, butters, and cheeses. But the root of turmeric is also used widely to make medicine.Turmeric is used for arthritis, heartburn (dyspepsia), stomach pain, diarrhea, intestinal gas, stomachbloating, loss of appetite, jaundice, liver problems and gallbladder disorders.It is also used for headaches, bronchitis, colds, lung infections, fibromyalgia, leprosy, fever, menstrual problems. Other uses include depression, Alzheimer’s disease, water retention, worms, and kidney problems.Some people apply turmeric to the skin for pain, ringworm, bruising, leech bites, eye infections, inflammatory skin conditions, soreness inside of the mouth, and infected wounds.In food and manufacturing, the essential oil of turmeric is used in perfumes, and its resin is used as a flavor and color component in f